Italian composer Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936) bridged the Romantic and early Modern periods. He began violin lessons when only eight and was an excellent viola player by twenty. He began serious work as a composer by age twenty-one, writing instrumental pieces and operas. The Roman trilogy of Fontane di Roma (Fountains of Rome), Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome), and Feste Romane (Roman Festivals) are his most famous works, the last of which marks him as one conversant in the dissonances, effects and orchestrations of the post-Romantic years.
Biography and complete files offered in MIDI format.
Wikipedia article examining his works and life, including abilities as musicologist, plus internal references to related people and topics.
Find A Grave listing with summary of musical abilities, portrait photograph, picture of his tomb, cemetery information, and interactive memorial.
Filmography at Internet Movie Database with biographical background and list of movies using his compositions.
Brief biographical sketch, comments on orchestral music and arrangements, caricature, and Naxos discography.
Official site of the Respighi Society, hosted by Music Web. Biographical details, interview with his widow, reminiscences, recommended recordings, details of selected works, membership information, and links.
Comments on his works, bi-lingual biographies in English and Dutch, photograph, and internal references from Musicalics.
Entry at the Lied and Art Songs Text Page with list of vocal works linked to lyrics, some with English translations.
Photograph, biographical timeline, key works, and recommended recordings from Humanities Web.
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