'Ancient philosophy' is the conventional title, in Europe and the English-speaking academy, for the philosophical activities of the thinkers of the Graeco-Roman world. It includes a succession of philosophers who operated over a 1,000-year period from the middle of the first millennium BC to the middle of the first millennium AD - from Thales and the earliest Pre-Socratics to late Neoplatonists and Aristotelian commentators, such as Simplicius and Philoponus. Later thinkers in Europe (e.g. Scotus Eriugena) are normally assigned to the category 'medieval', as are Arabic philosophers such as Avicenna and Averroës. Contemporary philosophers from other cultures (e.g. Confucius, Buddha) are also not included.
A selection from the Discourses of Epictetus, ancient Roman philosopher who was born 60 AD, on surrender and the will of God.
Overview of ancient Roman philosophy by Richard Hooker.
Essays on Greek and Roman political thinkers and experiences.
The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/Mythopoeic Thought - How was Greek philosophy different from what came before? Or was it different?
Brief article outlining the history of Greek philosophy. From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Lecture notes to S. Marc Cohen's course at the University of Washington.
Paula Gottlieb reviews Nicholas White's book. From Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
Essay on the pre-Socratics by C.D.C. Reeve of Reed College
Essay by Philip Schaff.
John E. Sisko reviews this collection of essays edited by David Sedley. From Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
Scholarly journal for the study of ancient Greek and Roman thought, available in print and digital formats. Offers information about subscribing and reproductions of select articles featured in the publication.
Life and work of early Greek medical writer and philosopher-scientist, by Carl Huffman.
Life and work of fourth century BC Greek mathematician, political leader and philosopher, by Carl Huffman.
Discussion of the distinction between knowledge and craft, or art in ancient philosophy; by Richard Parry.
Life and work of this founder of Neoplatonism; by Lloyd Gerson from the Stanford Encyclopedia.
Athenian philosophers by Leigh Denault.
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