Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafi’i al-Ghazali (Algazel), 1058-1111. Noted medieval Sufi thinker. Although he was born and died in Khorasan, Iran (then called Tus), much of his working life was spent as a teacher in Baghdad. Known as a strong defender of Muslim orthodoxy. In philosophy, his chief legacy is his strong epistemological criticism of the philosophers' claim to knowledge.
Basic information and an extensive collection of annotated links.
A student project by Henry Snyder on this Sufi philosopher. Includes biography, intellectual background, and a review of a portion of The Incoherence of the Philosophers.
Biographical article by Mustafa Abu Sway. Includes lists of primary and secondary sources.
T.J. Winter's translation of this excerpt from Ghazali's The Revival of the Religious Sciences. From the Fordham Medieval Sourcebook.
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