The refusal of the Episcopal bishops of the Church of Scotland to accept the legitimacy of William and Mary in 1688 resulted in presbyterian government for the church. State interference in the appointment of pastors along with evangelicalism gave rise to secessionist movements in the 18th century, culminating in 1843 in a major schism and the formation of the Free Church of Scotland under Thomas Chalmers. In 1900 secession and free churches became the United Free Church, which in turn reunited with the Church of Scotland in 1929.
A brief history of the second reformation of Scotland, from the re-establishment of Presbyterianism in Scotland (1592)to the Glasgow Assembly of 1603.
A timeline showing splits and re-unions in the Scottish churches from the beginning of the eighteenth century.
An overview from 1648-1661.
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