Originally a religious/military brotherhood established on an island in the lower Senegal river; established themselves as masters of North-Western Africa, and finally of Spain; their invasion of the Kingdon of Ghana led to the latter's downfall. Founded the city of Marrakesh, Morocco.
Part of a much larger article on the history of Islam, dealing with the Murabit Sultans (Almoravid); covers their role in the Maghrib and Spain.
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